How I setup my laptop with Ansible
I’ve recently started using Ansible to configure my laptop. Having a development machine setup with a couple of command is pretty great, but there are still some manual steps I need to take care in the process.
Here is what I do every time I (re)configure my laptop.
- Create a bootable USB stick for my Linux distro of choice, Xubuntu 20.04 (see step 0 below).
- Save all my SSH keys and config files on a USB stick or external hard disk.
- Print the backup 2FA codes for my password manager (Lastpass).
- Export the feedlist from my RSS reader (Liferea).
- Check that I can connect to a WiFi network.
There are many articles that explain how to do it, but I think they are way too verbose. Here is how I do it:
- Download the ISO of your Linux distro of choice.
- Find a 8GB USB stick and format it with GParted. Choose a FAT32 file system. In alternative, you can format it from the terminal using
mkfs(see this tutorial), but in my opinion GParted is way easier and faster.
- Check the device name that your system assigned to the USB stick. You can use either
sudo fdisk -lto find it out. Let’s say it’s
ddrescueto write the ISO to the USB stick. This should take ~5 minutes.
Here is how I wrote a bootable Xubuntu 20.04 USB stick with
sudo ddrescue xubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso /dev/sda --force -D
As far as I know, Full Disk Encryption is the single most important thing you can do to ensure your peace of mind. You need LVM (Logical Volume Management) to use it, and you have to encrypt the disk when you install a new system. You can’t do it later.
I don’t know why, but Ubuntu doesn’t come with git already installed. GNU Stow is a program I use to symlink my dotfiles from a git repo to my home directory.
sudo apt install -y git stow
I keep all my git repos in a single directory.
I can’t yet clone a git repo via SSH because I haven’t copied the SSH keys, so I use HTTPS for now.
git clone https://github.com/jackdbd/dotfiles.git
I keep my bash files (
bash_aliases) in my dotfiles repo, so I remove the ones that come with the distro:
rm ~/.bashrc rm ~/.bash_logout
I create symlinks from the dotfiles in
mkdir ~/repos/dotfiles/bash to
~ with Stow.
cd ~/repos/dotfiles/bash stow . --target ~
I keep some of my SSH config files—obviously neither the SSH keys nor the config files for private servers—in my dotfiles repo.
Here is how I create the symlinks with Stow.
cd ~/repos/dotfiles/ssh stow . —target ~
I can now copy my SSH keys from an USB stick. It’s going to be something like this:
cp -r /media/jack/PATH-TO-SSH-KEYS-ON-USB-STICK/ ~/.ssh
If I now try to connect to one of my remote servers with SSH, the SSH agent would probably complain and give me a permission denied error. This is because the file permissions for the SSH keys are too open. To fix this, I change the file permissions to be read-only.
chmod 400 ~/.ssh/keys/* chmod 400 ~/.ssh/conf.d/* chmod 400 ~/.ssh/config
I then need to add the SSH keys to ssh-agent, the program that keeps track of user’s identity keys and passphrases. The command for that is simply
ssh-add PATH-TO-SSH-KEY, but I don’t type it because I keep it in my
.bashrc. So all I have to do is this:
I can now test that I can connect to remote services using the aliases I defined in my SSH config.
ssh github ssh gitlab # etc
At this point I still haven’t installed the password manager extension (Lastpass) for my favorite browser (Chromium), so I can’t yet use SSH to clone a git repo from Github (because I use a super long password for Github and I don’t remember it). So I use HTTPS once again:
cd ~/repos git clone https://github.com/jackdbd/ansible-laptop.git cd ~/repos/ansible-laptop
There are several ways to install Ansible on Ubuntu-based distros. I do as they say in the official documentation:
sudo apt update sudo apt install software-properties-common sudo apt-add-repository --yes --update ppa:ansible/ansible sudo apt install ansible
Some of the tools I install with Ansible are just binaries. I need to place them in a single directory so I can add them all to my
Finally I can setup my laptop with the configuration I keep in my ansible-laptop repo. I need two commands for this:
I use a couple of Ansible roles from Ansible Galaxy. If you don’t know Ansible Galaxy, it’s a public repository for Ansible roles. Think of Docker Hub but for Ansible. I install java and docker this way.
ansible-galaxy install -r requirements.yml
All other software I need is configured in my Ansible playbook, that I run with this command:
ansible-playbook playbook.yml -K
Note: I use Nerd Fonts to install custom fonts on my machine. At the moment I’m cloning the entire repo, which is probably way too many fonts I will ever need. Since cloning the entire repo takes a long time, you might want to skip it if you are in a hurry. You can do it with
ansible-playbook playbook.yml -K --skip-tags "fonts"
I use a bunch of browser extensions, and I keep them synced across devices. So just I install Lastpass and sync all the other extensions.
Now that I can login to my Github account with Lastpass and that I can connect via SSH, I re-clone my repos with SSH. This way I don’t have to type my password every time I pull from a git remote or push code to it.